A programme that provides support to local governments in the preparation of GHG Carbon Inventory calculations using the Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEATplus) software developed by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. Whilst the initial focus of this initiative is on Melaka State, Malaysia, there is already keen interest from other states and provinces in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand to participate.
GHG Carbon Inventory and Eco Budget
The programme entails determining a state or province level GHG emissions inventory baseline that enables targeted planning and the implementation of well-designed low-carbon actions. Sophisticated monitoring and recording techniques then measure the emissions reductions achieved. ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia is the strategic partner for this programme.
The GHG Carbon Inventory and Eco Budget programme is initially being implemented as a key element of the Green City Action Plan (GCAP) that has been developed for Melaka, Malaysia. This GCAP is being implemented by the state government with expert technical support provided by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. A green city has been defined by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as, a city that is resilient, inclusive, manages its natural resources well, and promotes low carbon growth to remain competitive and enhance liveability for all its residents. Equal emphasis is placed on environment, economic competitiveness and equity (the 3Es), to move away from business-as-usual practices and achieve balanced growth.
As an indication of the key elements involved, the GCAP for Melaka states that it represents a, ‘green city approach that promotes a paradigm shift where, cities make a concerted effort to pursue integrated urban development and environmental planning in response to rapid urbanisation and associated challenges. With regards to the environment, the focus is on managing land, water and air in an efficient manner to maintain the long term sustainability of these natural resources, pursuing low carbon technologies and practices to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing vulnerabilities to natural hazards and climate change impacts by enhancing resilience and managing disaster risks’.
Melaka Green Technology Corporation, a Melaka state owned body, is taking the lead in implementing this programme, with expert technical support and methodology being provided by ICLEI.
ICLEI’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocols provide authoritative guidance for communities to account for carbon pollution accurately and consistently. Developed through extensive stakeholder consultation and partnership with other leading GHG emissions experts, ICLEI’s GHG Protocols are the national standards for local-scale accounting of emissions that contribute to climate change.
ICLEI’s Local Government Operations Protocol (Protocol) is designed to provide a standardised set of guidelines to assist local governments in quantifying and reporting GHG emissions associated with their government operations. This Protocol, aims to enable local governments to measure and report GHG associated with government operations in a harmonised fashion. The Protocol facilitates the standardised and rigorous inventorying of GHG emissions, which can help track emissions reduction progress over time and in comparison to GHG reduction targets.
Key Programme Elements and Structure
Under this programme, the Melaka Green Technology Corporation, a Melaka state owned body, will prepare a baseline GHG emissions inventory for 4 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) within Melaka State, followed by strategising and implementing low carbon actions and monitoring and recording achieved emissions reductions as a result of these actions.
Training sessions have been conducted by ICLEI for officials of Green Technology Corporation and 4 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in Melaka State to build capacity for assessing baseline climate performance and to measure progress and mitigation impacts of proposed prioritized actions. The GHG inventories will be compiled with the help of ICLEI’s Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEATplus). A version of HEATplus for Malaysia is being developed, and will be customised with technical data for the country as per national and international reporting guidelines. The Province of Melaka and the 4 ULBs shall also be supported in reporting their GHG emissions inventories and climate actions to international reporting platforms.
Expected Programme Outcomes
- Enable local governments to develop emissions inventories following internationally recognised GHG accounting and reporting principles with attention to the unique context of local government operations
- Advance the consistent, comparable and relevant quantification of emissions and appropriate, transparent, and policy-relevant reporting of emissions
- Enable measurement towards climate goals
- Promote understanding of the role of local government operations in combating climate change
- Help to create harmonization between GHG inventories developed and reported to multiple programs